Trossman, D.S., T. Haine, A.F. Waterhouse, A. Bigdeli, M. Mazloff, C.B. Whalen, A.T. Nguyen, P. Heimbach, and R. Kovach, 2020: Tracer and observationally-derived constraints on horizontal and diapycnal diffusivities in ocean models. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., submitted.


Kostov, Y., H. Johnson, D. Marshall, P. Heimbach, G. Forget, P. Holliday, S. Lozier, F. Li, H. Pillar, and T.A. Smith, 2021: Contrasting sources of variability in subtropical and subpolar Atlantic overturning. Nature Geoscience, in press.

Loose, N. and P. Heimbach, 2021: Leveraging Uncertainty Quantification to Design Ocean Climate Observing Systems. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 13(4), e2020MS002386.

Nguyen, A. T., H. Pillar, V. Ocana, A. Bigdeli, T. A. Smith, and P. Heimbach, 2021: The Arctic Subpolar gyre sTate Estimate (ASTE): Description and assessment of a data-constrained, dynamically consistent ocean-sea ice estimate for 2002-2017. J. Adv. Model. Earth Syst., 13(5), e2020MS002398.

Pillar, H., A. Nguyen, J.-M. Campin, and P. Heimbach, 2021: Momentum Budget Evaluation in ASTE Release 1 Part I: Full momentum budget. DSpace@MIT, Technical Report.

Willcox, K., O. Ghattas, and P. Heimbach, 2021: The imperative of physics-based modeling and inverse theory in the future of computational science. Nature Computational Science, 1, 166-168.


Bigdeli, A., A.T. Nguyen, H.R. Pillar, V. Ocana, and P. Heimbach, 2020: Atmospheric Warming Drives Growth in Arctic Sea-Ice: A Key Role for Snow. Geophys. Res. Lett., in press.

ECCO Consortium; I. Fukumori, O. Wang, I. Fenty, G. Forget, P. Heimbach, and R.M. Ponte, 2020: Synopsis of the ECCO Central Production Global Ocean and Sea-Ice State Estimate, Version 4 Release 4

Goldberg, D.N., T.A. Smith, S.H.K. Narayanan, P. Heimbach, and M. Morlighem, 2020: Bathymetric influences on Antarctic ice-shelf melt rates. J. Geophys. Res., in press.

Hamlington, B. D., A. S. Gardner, E. Ivins, J. T. M. Lenaerts, J. T. Reager, D. S. Trossman, E. D. Zaron, S. Adhikari, A. Arendt, A. Aschwanden, B. D. Beckley, D. P. S. Bekaert, G. Blewitt, L. Caron, H. A. Chandanpurkar, K. Christianson, R. I. Cullather, R. M. DeConto, J. T. Fasullo, T. Frederikse, J. T. Freymueller, D. M. Gilford, M. Girotto, W. C. Hammond, R. Hock, N. Holschuh, R. E. Kopp, F. Landerer, E. Larour, D. Menemenlis, M. Merrifield, J. X. Mitrovica, R. S. Nerem, I. J. Nias, V. Nieves, S. Nowicki, K. Pangaluru, C. G. Piecuch, D. R. Rounce, N.-J. Schlegel, H. Seroussi, M. Shirzaei, I. Velicogna, N. Vinogradova, T. Wahl, D. N. Wiese, M. J. Willis, 2020: Understanding of contemporary regional sea-level change and the implications for the future. Reviews of Geophysics, 58, e2019RG000672

Logan, L.C., Narayanan, S.H.K., Greve, R., and Heimbach, P., 2020: Sicopolis-AD: Quick-Start Manual, Revision 0.11. Argonne National Lab Technical Report ANL/MCS-TM-382 Rev 0.11, 14 pp

Logan, L.C., S.H.K. Narayanan, R. Greve, and P. Heimbach, 2020: SICOPOLIS-AD v1: an open-source adjoint modeling framework for ice sheet simulation enabled by the algorithmic differentiation tool OpenAD. Geosci. Model Dev., 13, 1845-1864.

Loose, N., P. Heimbach, H. Pillar, and K. Nisancioglu, 2020: Quantifying Dynamical Proxy Potential through Shared Adjustment Physics in the North Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res., 125(9)

Moon, T., T. Scambos, W. Abdalati, A. Ahlstrom, R. Bindschadler, J. Gambill, P. Heimbach, R. Hock, K. Langley, I. Miller, and M. Truffer, 2020: Ending a sea of confusion: A scientist perspective on lessons and opportunities in sea level change communication. Environment Magazine, 62(5), 4-15

Nguyen, A.T., P. Heimbach, V. Garg, V. Ocana , C. Lee, and L. Rainville, 2020: Impact of synthetic Arctic Argo-type floats in a coupled ocean-sea ice state estimation framework. J. Atmos. Ocean Technol., 37(8), 1477-1495.

Nguyen, A.T., R. Woodgate, and P. Heimbach, 2020: Elucidating large-scale atmospheric controls on Bering Strait throughflow variability using a data-constrained ocean model and its adjoint. J. Geophys. Res., 125(9).


Arbic, B. K., O. B. Fringer, J. M. Klymak, F. T. Mayer, D. S. Trossman, P. Zhu, 2019: Connecting process models of topographic wave drag to global eddying general circulation models. Oceanography, 32(4), 146–155

Fox-Kemper, B., A. Adcroft, C.W. Boening, E.P. Chassignet, E. Curchitser, G. Danabasoglu, C. Eden, M.H. England, R. Gerdes, R.J. Greatbatch, S.M. Griffies, R.W. Hallberg, E. Han- ert, P. Heimbach, H.T. Hewitt, C.N. Hill, Y. Komuro, S. Legg, J. Le Sommer, S. Masina, S.J. Marsland, S.G. Penny, F. Qiao, T.D. Ringler, A.M. Treguier, H. Tsujino, P. Uotila, and S.G. Yeager, 2019: Challenges and Prospects in Ocean Circulation Models. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 65

Frajka-Williams, E., and 39 co-authors, 2019: Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Observed transports and mechanisms. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 260

Heimbach, P., I. Fukumori, C.N. Hill, R.M. Ponte, D. Stammer, J.-M. Campin, B. Cornuelle, I. Fenty, G. Forget, A. Koehl, M. Mazloff, D. Menemenlis, A.T. Nguyen, C. Piecuch, D. Trossman, A. Verdy, O. Wang, and H. Zhang, 2019: Putting it all together: Adding value to the global ocean and climate observing systems with complete self-consistent ocean state and parameter estimates. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 55

Huang, T., M. DeBellis, I., Fenty, P. Heimbach, J.C. Jacob, O. Wang, and E. Yam, 2019: Analytics Center Framework for Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean. 2019 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS 2019), Yokohama, Japan

Johnston, T. M. S., M. C. Schönau, T. Paluszkiewicz, J. A. MacKinnon, B. K. Arbic, P. L. Colin, M. H. Alford, M. Andres, L. Centurioni, K. R. Helfrich, V. Hormann, P. F. J. Lermusiaux, R. C. Musgrave, B. S. Powell, B. Qiu, D. L. Rudnick, H. L. Simmons, L. St. Laurent, D. S. Trossman, G. Voet, H. W. Wijesekera, K. Zeiden, 2019: An Introduction and Highlights from Flow Encountering Abrupt Topography (FLEAT): A Multi-Scale Observational and Modelling Program to Under- stand the Effects of Topographic Flow in the Western North Pacific. Oceanography, 32(4), 10–21

Lee, C. M., Starkweather, S., Eicken, H., Timmermans, M.-L., Wilkinson, J., Sandven, S., et al., 2019: A Framework for the Development, Design and Implementation of a Sustained Arctic Ocean Observing System. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 484

Levin, L.A., B.A. Bett, A.R. Gates, P. Heimbach, B. Howe, F. Janssen, A. McCurdy, H.A. Ruhl, P. Snelgrove, K.I. Stocks, and 28 others, 2019: Global Observational Needs in the Deep Ocean. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 241

Penny, S., and 30 others, 2019: Observational Needs for improving Ocean and Coupled Reanalysis, S2S Prediction, and Decadal Prediction. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 391

Quinn, K.Q., R.M. Ponte, P. Heimbach, I. Fukumori, and J.-M. Campin, 2019: Ocean angular momentum from a recent global state estimate, with assessment of uncertainties. Geophys. J. Int., 216(1), 584-597

Smith, T., and Heimbach, P., 2019: Atmospheric Origins of Variability in the South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. Journal of Climate, 32(5), 1483–1500.

Sonnewald, M., C. Wunsch, and P. Heimbach, 2019: Unsupervised Learning Reveals Geography of Global Ocean Dynamical Regions. Earth and Space Science, 6(5), 784-794

Straneo, F., D.A. Sutherland, L.A. Stearns, G. Catania, P. Heimbach, T. Moon, M.R. Cape, K.L. Laidre, D. Barber, S. Rysgaard, R. Mottram, S.M. Olsen, M.J. Hopwood, and L. Meire, 2019: The case for a sustained Greenland Ice sheet-Ocean Observing System. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 138

Trossman, D. S. and R. H. Tyler, 2019: Predictability of Ocean Heat Content from Electrical Conductance. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 124, 667–679.

Villas Boas, B., and 25 others, 2019: Integrated observations and modeling of winds, currents, and waves: requirements and challenges for the next decade. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 425

Madsen, M.V., H.C. Steen-Larsen, M. Horhold, J. Box, S.M.P Berben, E. Capron, A.-K. Faber, A. Hubbard, M.F. Jensen, T.R. Jones, S. Kipfstufl, I. Koldtoft, H.R. Pillar, B.H. Vaughn, D. Vladimirova, and D. Dahl-Jensen, 2019: Evidence of Isotopic Fractionation During Vapor Exchange Between the Atmosphere and the Snow Surface in Greenland. J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 124, 2932-2945.

Yosuke, F., and 28 others, 2019: Observing System Evaluation Based on Ocean Data Assimilation and Prediction Systems: On-going Challenges and Future Vision for Designing/Supporting Ocean Observational Networks. Front. Mar. Sci., 6, 417

Zanna, L., S. Khatiwala, J. Gregory, J. Ison, and P. Heimbach, 2019: Estimates and Attribution of Atlantic Ocean Heat Content and Sea Level Change. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 116(4), 1126-1131


Bigdeli, A., Hara, T., Loose, B., and Nguyen, A. T., 2018: Wave Attenuation and Gas Exchange Velocity in Marginal Sea Ice Zone. J. Geophys. Res.: Oceans, 123(3), 2293–2304.

Fukumori, I., P. Heimbach, R.M. Ponte, and C. Wunsch, 2018: A Dynamically-Consistent Ocean Climatology and Its Temporal Variations. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 99(10), 2107-2128

Goldberg, D.N., K. Snow, P. Holland, J.R. Jordan, J.-M. Campin, P. Heimbach, R. Arthern, and A. Jenkins, 2018: On representing grounding line migration in synchronous coupling between a marine ice sheet model and a z-coordinate ocean model. Ocean Modelling, 125, 45-60

Jordan, J.R., P.R. Holland, D. Goldberg, K. Snow, R. Arthern, J.-M. Campin, P. Heimbach, and A. Jenkins, 2018: Ocean-forced ice-shelf thinning in a synchronously coupled ice-ocean model. J. Geophys. Res., 123(2), 864-882

Kalmikov, A. G. and P. Heimbach, 2018: On Barotropic Mechanisms of Uncertainty Propagation in Estimation of Drake Passage Transport. arXiv

Khatiwala S., H. Graven, S. Payne, and P. Heimbach, 2018: Changes to the Air‐Sea Flux and Distribution of Radiocarbon in the Ocean Over the 21st Century. Geophys. Res. Lett., 45

Palter, J. B. and D. S. Trossman, 2018: The Sensitivity of Future Ocean Oxygen Concentrations to Changes in Ocean Circulation. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 32.

Pillar, H.R., H.R. Johnson, D.P. Marshall, P. Heimbach, and S. Takao, 2018: Impacts of Atmospheric Reanalysis Uncertainty on AMOC Estimates at 25N. J. Clim., 31(21), 8719-8744

Sonnewald, M., C. Wunsch, and P. Heimbach, 2018: Linear predictability: A sea surface height case study. J. Clim., 31(7), 2599-2611

Strobach, E., A. Molod, G. Forget, J.-M. Campin, C. Hill, D. Menemenlis, and P. Heimbach, 2018: Comparison of MERRA-2 and ECCO-v4 ocean surface heat fluxes: Consequences of different forcing methods on ocean circulation. Ocean Modelling, 132, 91-111


Bigdeli, A., B. Loose, A. T. Nguyen, and S. T. Cole, 2017: Numerical Investigation of the Arctic Ice-Ocean Boundary Layer and Implications for Air-Sea Gas Fluxes. Ocean Sciences, 13, 1–15

Spreen, G., R. Kwok, D. Menemenlis, and A. T. Nguyen, 2017: Sea Ice Deformation in a Coupled Ocean-Sea Ice Model and in Satellite Remote Sensing Data. The Cryosphere, 11,1553–1573


Aksenov, Y., M. Karcher, A. Proshutinsky, R. Gerdes, B. de Cuevas, E. Golubeva, F. Kauker, A. T. Nguyen, G. A. Platov, M. Wadley, E. Watanabe, and A. C. Coward, 2016: Arctic Pathways of Pacific Water: Arctic Ocean Model Intercomparison Experiments. J. Geophys. Res., 121(1), 27–59

Ocaña, V., E. Zorita, and P. Heimbach 2016: Stochastic secular trends in sea level rise, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121

Stammer, D., M. Balmaseda, P. Heimbach, A.Koehl, and A. Weaver, 2016: Ocean Data Assimilation in Support of Climate Applications. Status and Perspectives. Ann. Rev. Mar. Sci.., 8, 491-518


Buckley, M., R.M. Ponte, G. Forget, and P. Heimbach, 2015: Determining the origins of advective heat transport variability in the North Atlantic. J. Clim., 18(10), 3943-3956

Forget, G., J.M. Campin, P. Heimbach, C.N. Hill, R.M. Ponte, and C. Wunsch, 2015: ECCO version 4: an integrated framework for non-linear inverse modeling and global ocean state estimation. Geosci. Model Dev., 8, 3071-3104

Goldberg, D., P. Heimbach, I. Joughin, and B. Smith, 2015: Committed retreat of Smith, Pope, and Kohler Glaciers over the next 30 years inferred by transient model calibration. The Cryosphere, 9, 2429-2446

Technical Reports

2020: ECCO Consortium; I. Fukumori, O. Wang, I. Fenty, G. Forget, P. Heimbach, and R.M. Ponte, 2020: Synopsis of the ECCO Central Production Global Ocean and Sea-Ice State Estimate, Version 4 Release 4

2019: Levin, L., Ruhl, H., Heimbach, P., McCurdy, A., and Smith, L., 2019: Deep Ocean Ob- serving Strategy: Science and Implementation Guide. Paris, France, GOOS, Deep Ocean Observing Strategy (DOOS) Project, 68 pp.

2019: Logan, L.C., Narayanan, S.H.K., Greve, R., and Heimbach, P., 2019: Sicopolis-AD: Quick-Start Manual. Argonne National Lab Technical Report ANL/MCS-TM-382, Rev 0.10, 14 pp.,

2019: Sutherland, D.A., F. Straneo, T. Moon, I.A. Le Bras, E.E. Frajka-Williams, J.L. Bamber, G.A. Catania, P. Heimbach, R.H. Jackson, and L.A. Stearns, 2019: Freshwater fluxes from the Greenland Ice Sheet. Report from an International Workshop (co-hosted by CLIVAR/CliC OMDP, NORP, and ISMIP6)

2018: Adcroft A., J.M. Campin, S. Dutkiewicz, C. Evangelinos, D. Ferreira, G. Forget, B. Fox-Kemper, P. Heimbach, C. Hill, E. Hill, H. Hill, O. Jahn, M. Losch, J. Marshall, G. Maze, D. Menemenlis, and A. Molod, 2018: MITgcm User Manual.